Joan Fitzgerald is professor and director of the graduate program in Law, Policy, and Society at Northeastern University and director of the urban studies undergraduate minor. Her third book, Emerald Cities: Urban Sustainability and Economic Development (Oxford Univ. Press), examines how cities are creating economic development opportunities in several green sectors and discusses the state and national policy needed to support these efforts. Emerald Cities builds on her 2002 book, Economic Revitalization: Strategies and Cases for City and Suburb, (Sage, with Nancey Green Leigh) which identifies strategies for incorporating sustainability and social justice goals into urban economic development planning. Her 2006 book, Moving Up in the New Economy, (Cornell Univ. Press) focuses on how to build career ladders for low-income workers. Fitzgerald has published in academic journals such as Economic Development Quarterly, Urban Affairs Quarterly, Urban Affairs, the Journal of International Journal of Urban and Regional Researc and the political journal, The American Prospect. Her academic and consulting work has been supported by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur, Annie E. Casey, Rockefeller Brothers, Rockefeller, Surdna, Century, and Robert Wood Johnson Foundations. She has also conducted research for the U.S. Department of Labor, the Massachusetts Technology Collaborative, the Boston Housing Authority and other government agencies.